Category Archives: Life


Vannesa Quality Management and Productivity/MGT 449 September 13 Total Quality Pioneers In this paper, quality and elements will be defined, a description on how the quality pioneer’s use of total quality elements made the pioneer successful, explanation on why the elements of quality are useful in today’s environment, and the foresee future of quality. Quality can mean different things depending on the industry being discussed. Quality can be defined as a dynamic state associated with products, services, people, processes, and environment that meets or exceeds expectations and helps produce superior value”(Goetsch&Davis,2010).


Elements important to an organization are vision, mission, objectives, customer focus, obsession with quality, commitment, continual improvement, education, and training. The elements assist organizations with creating a new foundation and maintaining a structure that may allow an organization to be successful if the elements are utilized and there is continual improvement. There are three well-known quality pioneers known for the use of total quality elements. The pioneers are W. Edwards Deming, Joseph M. Juran, and Philip B. Crosby. The United States and international countries did not warmly welcome Deming and the United States dismissed Deming as the United States believed there was little competition with international countries and his opinion was not needed. After World War II, Japan had to make a change from producing raw materials to producing consumer goods. This change put Japan up against other countries and Japan was not having much success with the new change. Japan contacted Deming for his expertise advice and was open to making the appropriate changes needed in order to be successful. The turn around for Japan was using Deming’s fourteen point structure. “The fourteen points summarize Deming’s views on what an organization must do to effect a positive transition from business as usual to world glass quality”(Goetsch&Davis,2010). Joseph M. Juran founded an institute named Juran Institute Inc which is an international leader in conducting training, research, and consulting activities in the area of quality management”(Goetsch&Davis, 2010). Juran is best known for his three basic steps to progress, ten steps to quality improvement, Pareto Principle, and the Juran trilogy. Juran advises organizations to focus their improvement by identifying and eliminating problems or sources of their problems. Philip B. Crosby is best known for his advocacy of zero defects management and prevention, quality vaccine and fourteen steps to quality improvement.

Crosby has a successful background in quality, formed Philip Crosby Associates, and then spent his time giving lectures on quality related issues. Many organizations have used the pioneer’s methods and have been able to turn around their organizations. Elements of quality are useful in today’s environment because the elements give organizations specific instructions and structure in order to be successful. If organizations are willing to follow basic steps, Jurans ten step, or Deming’s fourteen steps, then an organization has a good chance at turning their current situation around and becoming successful. Quality’s future will continue as long as competition exists. Organizations will continue to utilize the three pioneer’s elements in order to maintain structure, provide quality product and service. Organizations must have a strong, clear plan set in place, and have the organizations full commitment in order to be successful. The changes cannot happen over night and organizations will need to be patient and allow the changes to take its course.

The three pioneers W. Edwards Deming, Joseph M. Juran, and Philip B. Crosby have proven their total quality elements have assisted organizations in being successful. Many organizations continue to use their methods to keep their organization structured. References Goetsch, D; Davis, S. (2010). Quality Management for Organizational Excellence: Introduction to Total Quality, Sixth Edition. Published by Prentice Hall.


Paolo Freire, a Brazilian radical educator talks about the oppression students face in the traditional method of learning, The Banking Concept of Education. According to him in this method of teaching “the contents, whether values or empirical dimensions of reality, tend, in the process of being narrated, to become lifeless and petrified. ” He accuses education to be suffering from “narration sickness” where students learn the content distancing it from reality in a very mechanical way.


Therefore he proposes a Problem-Posing method of education where the students while learning from the teacher are themselves educating the teacher through constant communication. Regarding “dialogue as indispensable to the act of cognition which unveils reality”, the problem-posing method of education thrives on understanding and creativity resulting in critical reflection and then intervention by students who should then go on to transform the lives of people in the world. As revolutionary as the problem-posing method may sound in this article, I have mixed feelings about this whole issue as conventional wisdom has it that the Banking Concept of Education enables more content to enter the minds of students making them more knowledgeable about the topic being taught and sometimes the subject matter itself does not allow ways for effective problem-posing. I can now vividly recall my experience in my Business Studies class during junior high school year and look at it through a different perspective. The pedagogy in that class was very similar to what Freire would describe as “The Banking Concept of Education” where we as students were meant to absorb as much as we could from what was being poured onto us by the teacher, just like sponges. As per the syllabus from Edexcel U. K our course was required to “produce students who have a sound understanding of business and who have the ability to use knowledge, skills and understanding appropriately in the context of international markets and the United Kingdom. ”-Edexcel International. What I experienced and learnt from that class was totally different though.

Our teacher, a “well-educated” man in his fifties, would come to class with pages of printed lecture notes and distribute them to all the students at the beginning of each class. He would then start narrating the notes in his own words and would act, according to Freire’s words, as a depositor. We, as students, were mere objects in his class trying to patiently receive, memorize, and when necessary repeat what was deposited in us. We were primarily not “called upon to know, but to memorize the contents narrated by the teacher”. The more we stored and reproduced “facts” the less we developed our ability to learn through critical reflection, the method of authentic learning. There was very little or no true communication in class in terms of facilitating questions from students about various topics in the course. One such example was when one student in my class asked him “Why would a country increase or decrease its foreign currency exchange rates? ”, his reply was “You are not required to know that according to your business studies syllabus, so don’t bother. Although our teacher was true his complete lack of respect for the student’s keenness to acquire some relevant additional knowledge baffled me. He had already chosen the program content and made up his mind as to what was and what wasn’t “necessary”. We as students did not have any say in it and had to accept his way of teaching, otherwise we would be “misfits” in the education system.

Feature (h) of the banking concept reads “the teacher chooses the program content, and the students (who were not consulted) adapt to it. This just sums up that saddening incident during our class. Freire also states that “any situation in which some individuals prevent others from engaging in the process of inquiry is one of violence. ” The fact that he did not enable us to learn through inquiry was an act of violence regardless of the means he used for it. He denied us of the basic right of dialog and communication. This raises questions about our status as human beings, for the fact that communication with others and our own decision making is what distinguishes us from mere objects surviving on Earth. On a different note, although we were conscious of what was being taught to us, we were never encouraged to be conscious of consciousness. In other words we would not contemplate on the authenticity of what was entering our conscience. I learned that increasing interest rates would cause inflation to reduce but was never able to discuss why and how it occurs or whether it occurs at all. Thus I was forced to look at the world from what was being taught to me, my teacher’s and the textbook’s fragmented viewpoint of reality, which took away my ability to think for my own self. Problem posing in class was thought of as challenging the teacher’s knowledge and qualifications to teach the subject. A questioning or problem-posing student was considered rebellious or arrogant. Therefore in the name of the “preservation of culture and knowledge we have a system which achieves neither true knowledge nor true culture”.

We accepted this fact and moved on to be just automatons during the length of the course. We were taught everything with only one purpose in mind – score exemplary marks in the public examination set by Edexcel. All the course content, questions for “discussion” in class were focused on getting all the “knowledge” we needed to score an A in the final public exam. Business Studies as a subject of learning the functioning of enterprises in the “real world” was not what we did seem to study. We learned all the definitions, advantages and disadvantages of certain decisions and how to answer each type of question in black and white. No places for inquisitive learning, discussion, grey areas, nothing. The more passively we learned the better “fits” we became to the class and the smarter we were deemed to be as questioning would mean we hadn’t grasped the subject with success. We could never come up with authentic thoughts of our own as critical reflection was minimal. The subject matter though stimulating was never the topic of a debate or discussion thus its attachment to reality was distanced through our learning. According to Freire true “knowledge emerges only through invention and reinvention, through the restless, impatient, continuing, hopeful, inquiry human beings pursue in the world, with the world, and with each other. This is what stimulates authentic reflection which enables us to understand “people in their relations with the world” We were forced to look at the subject removed from its real-life existence as if it were an extinct species and we were trying to recollect as many facts about it as possible.

This according to me distorts the true purpose of education which is to be knowledgeable about something and be able to put it into practice, which would then enhance the lives of fellow human beings. Freire calls this praxis, the actions through which true liberation is achieved. Freire refers to true liberation as the transformation of the world through the actions of men and women who reject communiques and embody communication. In other words through interaction and discussion with people a solution which is of greater benefit to people at large is found which when implemented enhances the lives of the people. It acknowledges the world to be dynamic and needing constant transformation and not one which is static in nature. On this note had we had a class which would have facilitated problem posing, we would have attached the subject content to the real world thus enabling us a better understanding of the material. In my opinion a great drawback of the banking concept of education is that once the exams or quizzes are over most of the course content is forgotten since everything was stored in your head with the sole purpose of spitting it out for the exams. Due to its detachment from reality the course content is insignificant in our lives. As the exams are over our “containers” are emptied and ready to be filled by new material needed for the next session of regurgitating. In hindsight however,

I feel that our teacher was not really left with many other ways to educate us on the subject. Many people regard that an interactive class would make understanding of the subject content easier, however teaching a class of thirty five, had he facilitated questions from the students and enabled discussions it would have taken forever to complete the syllabus. Quite frankly, at the end of the day getting good grades at the exams was of utmost priority. Although we are told standardized tests are not true reflections of a person’s intelligence or knowledge its results are considered significant and life-changing, how ironic. So this is a key reason for the survival of the banking concept of education. Speaking honestly, most of us wouldn’t mind getting an A and not knowing anything about the true reality of the material than fail the course and know how it relates to the world and the people. That is how deep the importance of letter grades is inculcated into our systems. Furthermore some of the course content required it to be taught in such a way. For example it would have been interesting to discuss the possibility to regard all currencies as equal in value, but in truth it is not. Such a debate would not only have wasted time but could have caused confusion and distorted the facts about exchange rates. In a system where syllabuses are required to be followed and deadlines need to be met, effective management of time is of utmost importance. On another note this could have caused some students to get a false perception about the topic too, distorting reality, thus it was better for our teacher to dictate the facts and for us to follow. Therefore we can say that both methods of education have their sets of pros and cons. On the one hand the teaching of facts in black and white is beneficial as it avoids confusion and in most cases it actually is in plain black or white although we would like to think otherwise. This method enables more content to be absorbed by the students making their knowledge bases wider and enable them to score better grades. On the other hand problem-posing education tries to attach reality to the content being learned which enables us to recall the content better, even after exams are over. According to Freire it also enables us to solve the problems people face with the world which truly liberates us as humans since we acknowledge that humans and the world co-exist. When looking back at the article written by Freire, he himself is contradicting his own teachings through the tone of his article. While he believes that learning through the problem-posing method is revolutionary due to its significant contributions towards mankind, his complete disregard for the obvious benefits of the banking concept of education convinces me that he is contradicting his own thoughts about education.

For example the paragraph on page 252 “Once again, the two educational concepts and practices…banking education resists dialogue…banking education treats students as objects…banking concept inhibits creativity…historicity as their starting point. ” bombards the banking concept and praises the problem-posing method. By doing this Freire is trying, although unsuccessfully, to convince the reader to endorse his way of thinking…this makes us question his actions as he is forcefully trying to fill our conscience without any regard to us being “conscious of consciousness”. This article as a whole makes me understand one thing – it is possible for both teaching methods to co-exist just like the world and humans. This could then result in the transformation of the lives of more students, rather than just the group who would like to learn interactively or the group who would like to learn narratively. It is common knowledge that different people like to learn differently as no two people would be the same, thus an optimum combination of both methods could be the most effective education system – one where facts are taught with relation to the world and whenever possible including discussion about ambiguous topics enabling students to have a fuller grasp of content and reality.

Or it could be a totally different pedagogy altogether but one thing is for sure – we cannot count on the banking concept alone nor the problem posing concept by itself to be the ideal method of teaching and learning in the modern world…

Homeschool Methods and Philosophies By Curriculum Choice

Homeschooling your child is a huge commitment of time and resources such as an essay writing service or other online platforms. Many parents do not feel disciplined enough to do it. But those that do find that the educational experience can bet better for their child. If you have been homeschooling your child for a while now, then the time has come for your child’s first exam or tests. You have been following the curriculum for the home school program as diligently as you can, but some of the suggested methods of homeschool curriculum review have not been particularly effective for your child. Thus, you would like some more effective ideas for homeschool curriculum review.

The first thing that you need to do when it comes to selecting the right homeschool curriculum review is to observe the teaching methods that have thus far worked best for your child. If you are homeschooling your child because you think he or she requires more specialized attention, then you should be sure to keep that in mind. Does this attention require you setting a lot of boundaries, or does your child benefit from have a more laid back learning environment?

If your child needs more rules and a very structured learning environment, then you will have to be a bit stricter with your homeschool curriculum review. It might be easy for your child to become distracted in their own home while learning, so it would be best if you conducted each lesson in certain area of the house that is free from any distractions. Some parents even convert a room in their home into a classroom.

Also, assign certain studying hours. Some children need this structure, otherwise they would never study at all! So, when it comes time for a homeschool curriculum review, be sure that your child studies or goes over the material on his or her own at least an hour a day prior to the exam. Of course, this time can be adjusted in accordance with the child’s age, as well as how easily the child has learned the material thus far.

If your child benefits from a less structured learning environment, if you live in an area where the weather is warm and nice most of the time, an idea is to teach the child outside in a designated area of the lawn. When it comes to home school curriculum review, a fun way for the child to review the material is to have various review games.

For example, if there is going to be a test on a foreign language, play a memory game in which half of the cards have a drawing of an object, and the other half have the word in the language that the child is learning. For more information on various homeschool review methods, search the internet, as there are a variety of websites with forums on which home schooling parents can share resources. You are sure to find the most effective review methods with the proper research.

A good curriculum review is essential to the success of your child (or why else would traditional education put so much emphasis on test scores?). With a good curriculum review, you can test your child to see what their strong points are and which areas need further review and study. One of the benefits of homeschooling is that your child can receive the individual attention that they need and you can concentrate on problem areas of study to help your child succeed.

Education Writing Essay

Education thesis is the first thing you should include to your paper. It is an obligatory part of any essay or research. Why is it so important? Thesis statement plays an essential role in the whole writing. On the one hand, it helps you be concentrated on one major idea throughout the whole paper. On the other hand, it is a map of your writing for the reader. Here you indicate all the things you are going to discuss in the writing and try to catch the reader’s attention. In other words, a thesis statement is a hook to get the reader’s attention from the first paragraph of the paper.

How to write essay online? If you cannot answer this question you will not be able to create a splendid thesis statement. What to do in this case? Go to the library and learn more about this part of writing. If you do not want to do this, there is a simpler way to get a splendid thesis statement – get in touch with our writers. This is a guarantee of success because they are pretty good at writing perfect essay.

thesis statement

Your paper is half-written if you have an excellent thesis statement. Pay attention to these possible mistakes in order to create a winning thesis of your own;

  • The thesis statement is written with the help of very complicated terms
  • It is presented in a form of a question
  • The thesis is a long and complicated sentence; it is too difficult to understand it
  • There are a lot of grammatical and spelling mistakes in your thesis
  • It does not introduce the problem discussed in the writing
  • It is placed in the body of the paper or in its conclusion
  • The idea presented with the help of a thesis statement and one in the paper are different
  • There are two themes in the paper
  • A thesis statement consists just of one single phrase
  • It is too simple and presents no new information to the reader
  • It is not catching and involving the reader into the problem under consideration
  • It is about nothing and everything at the same time

So, try not to make the same mistakes in the thesis of your own. It is advisable to have several sample essays at hand in order to get an idea of what a thesis statement is and how to create it. You may prepare several drafts of your thesis statement and read them to someone. This will help you to choose the best thesis statement.

Some people recommend writing an education thesis when you have already completed the4 whole paper. But in this case, you have no idea to follow during the process of writing. That is why it is better to start a paper with your pithy thesis.

Typewriters? Shorthand? How Times Have Changed

A recent gift to the Bridgeport Public Library Historical Collections was this small wooden ruler, only six inches in length. The ruler had the name “Gutchess College” engraved on the side, with the address 46 to 54 Cannon Street.
What was Gutchess College?
The Bridgeport City directory for 1911 gives us the answer. S.D. Gutchess was the proprietor of the Gutchess College at 46 Cannon Street. The ad in the 1911 city directory says that Stephen D. Gutchess took over as the proprietor of the college from Brown’s Business College. Brown had started this school n 1896 teaching young men and women about the business trade.

Long before computers, instructors taught stenography, typewriting, telegraphy and bookkeeping. The school boasted that they filled “had 500 positions annually.” The 1911 city directory said that they had thirty typewriters at the school, and “up-to-date” instruction.
My how times have changed!

Martin Luther King in Bridgeport?

A question arises every year in Bridgeport. Did Martin Luther King visit Bridgeport?
On at least four occasions, Reverend Martin Luther King spoke to crowds in Bridgeport. The first time was in 1961 when the Reverend King was invited by the University of Bridgeport to give a lecture at Klein Auditorium.
More than 2,700 people attended the lecture.
In 1962, Reverend King spoke at Central High School in a program co-sponsored by the NAACP and the Interdenominational and Ministerial Alliance of Greater Bridgeport.
In early 1964, just months after President Kennedy’s assassination, King spoke again to a capacity crowd at Klein Auditorium.
King said, “I think that the greatest tribute Americans can pay to the memory of John F. Kennedy is to see the civil rights bill is passed just as Kennedy presented it.”
The Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King’s last visit was on March 13, 1966. He spoke to a large and racially mixed crowd at Klein Auditorium.
When the civil rights leader was assassinated in 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee, a local memorial service was held at Klein Auditorium. The audience overflowed out into the street.

Submarines in Bridgeport

Inventor Simon Lake believed that the undersea world contained a vast wealth of natural treasures that were waiting to be tapped.

Besides the obvious riches of fish, Lake saw a world on which a great abundance of oil could be tapped from the sea as well.

Lake was always a dreamer, and he came from a family of inventors. His grandfather invented a seed the planting machine, his father invented a window shade roller and his cousin invented the telephone.

Simon Lake even named his son after Thomas Edison. It was Lake’s dream after reading Jules Verne’s 1870 book, “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea” to invent a submarine. Lake launched America’s first successful submarine in 1897.

The Lake Torpedo Boat Company was located on Seaview Avenue in Bridgeport’s East End. Often, local residents would travel down to the Long Island Sound shore in Bridgeport to see the latest submarine being launched. The events would attract huge crowds.

In 1918, Lake began to build R-21 submarines under government contract, joining in the World War I munitions activities with the rest of the local factories.

This photograph depicts the Lake Torpedo boatyard off Seaview Avenue in 1922. Pleasure Beach is visible in the background.